Long-lasting infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer (this is the same virus that causes genital warts). HPV is a common virus that is passed from one person to another during sex. At least half of sexually active people will have HPV at some point in their lives, but few women will get cervical cancer.
When cervical cancer is found early, it is highly treatable and associated with long survival and good quality of life.
Screening tests like PAP Smears and the HPV vaccine can help prevent cervical cancer.